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Epinephelus areolatus (Forsskal, 1775)

Areolate Grouper

Class: Actinopterygii Subclass: Neopterygii Order:  Perciformes Family:  Serranidae    NCBI taxonomy FishBase  WoRMS
Habitat Occurrence type IUCN Red List Status
Marine Native Least Concern (LC)
Distribution in India Distribution elsewhere
Coastal waters, mainly in Kerala coast. Red Sea, Persian Gulf to Natal, South Africa, east to Fiji, north to Japan, Tonga, south to the Arafura Sea and northern Australia.
Perca areolata  Forsskål, 1775
Ephinephelus areolatus  (Forsskål, 1775)
Bodianus melanurus  Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire, 1817
Serranus angularis  Valenciennes, 1828
Epinephelus angularis  (Valenciennes, 1828)
Serranus celebicus  Bleeker, 1851
Serranus waandersii  Bleeker, 1858
Epinephelus waandersii  (Bleeker, 1858)
Serranus glaucus  Day, 1871
Epinephelus craspedurus  Jordan & Richardson, 1910
Local Name
Hekru (Marathi)
Type specimen
Epinephelus areolatus (Forsskal, 1775) areolata, Perca Forsskål [P. S.] 1775:xi, 42 [Descriptiones animalium (Forsskål); Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, Red Sea. Possible holotype: ZMUC P43570 (dry skin). Synonym: Epinephelus areolatus (Forsskål, 1775), Perca areolata Forsskål, 1775, Ephinephelus areolatus (Forsskål, 1775), Bodianus melanurus Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire, 1817, Serranus angularis Valenciennes, 1828, Epinephelus angularis (Valenciennes, 1828), Serranus celebicus Bleeker, 1851, Serranus waandersii Bleeker, 1858, Epinephelus waandersii (Bleeker, 1858), Serranus glaucus Day, 1871, Epinephelus craspedurus Jordan & Richardson, 1910 Order: Perciformes Family: Serranidae Distribution: Indian coastal waters mainly Kerala coast. India: Found in coastal waters, mainly in Kerala coast. Indo-Pacific: Red Sea and the Persian Gulf to Natal, South Africa and east to Fiji, north to Japan, south to the Arafura Sea and northern Australia. Recently recorded from Tonga. Appears to be absent from Micronesia, Polynesia, and most islands of the western Indian Ocean. Often confused with Epinephelus chlorostigma. Habitat: Marine IUCN status: Least Concern (LC)  More...
S.No. Diagnostic features Finformula Reference
1 B. vii, D. 11/17-18, P. 15, 1/5, A. 3/8, C. 19, L. r. 105, L. tr. 19/47.